新概念英语初二上册知识点

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知识是智慧的火花,能使奋斗者升起才华的烈焰;知识是春耕的犁铧,一旦手入生活的荒径,就能使田地地芳草萋萋,硕果累累。下面小编给大家分享一些新概念英语初二上册知识点,希望能够帮助大家,欢迎阅读!

新概念英语初二上册知识1

1 How to learn English

1. pair n. (相关的)两个人,一对,一双,一副

a pair of socks     a pair of gloves   two pairs of trousers

一双袜子          一副手套        两条裤子

e.g.A pair of teenage boys are watching a football game.

两个青少年正在看足球赛。

2.correct

(1)v. 改正,纠正

e.g.The teacher returned to her room to correct exercise books.

老师回到房间去改练习本。

Correct the spelling.

纠正拼写。

(2)adj. 正确的;恰当的

e.g.correct pronunciation 正确发音

Do you have the correct time?

你的表走得准吗?

3.advice

(1)n.意思是“意见,建议”,为不可数名词,可用some,much,a piece of,pieces of等修饰,不能说an advice或many/a few advices。

(2)表示“有关……的建议”时,用介词on,接名词、代词或由疑问词引导的不定式。

e.g.Let’s ask for his advice on what to do next.

我们去征求一下他的意见下一步该怎么办。

常见搭配:

take/follow one’s advice  接受某人的建议

ask for advice  征求意见

accept/refuse one’s advice  接受(拒绝)某人的建议

offer advice to sb.  向某人提供建议

拓展

advise vt.建议

常见搭配:advise sb. to do sth.

advise that sb. (should) do sth.

e.g.My teacher advises me to leave now.

老师建议我现在就离开。

We advise measures(should)be taken to stop pollution at once.

我们建议立即采取措施以阻止污染。

4.We should always speak English in class.

我们应该总是在课堂上说英语。

should是情态动词,意思是“应该”。通常用来表示现在或将来的责任或义务。

should/shouldn’t do sth.

e.g.He should work harder.

他应该更加努力。

You should help your mother with the housework.

你们应该帮妈妈做家务。

5.Let’s try to speak English as much as possible.

让我们一起尽可能地说英语。

e.g.They are trying to study English well.

他们正努力学好英语。

I am trying doing it in this way.

我正试着用这种方法做。

We should try/do our best to help the people in trouble.

我们应该尽最大努力帮助困境中的人们。

(2)译为“尽量”、“尽最大努力(可能)”,主要用于 as...as possible/one can。

e.g.You should rest as much as possible.

你应当尽量多休息。

I have helped you as much as I can. Now it is up to you.

我已尽我所能地帮助你了。现在该看你自己了。

6.Each time you will learn something new. I also advise you to talk about the films or songs with your friends.

每次你将会学习一些新东西。我也建议你和朋友们谈论电影或歌曲。

time的用法:

(1)time侧重指“时间”这一概念,或说明“时间”的量,time用作不可数名词,前面可much, little, a lot of, plenty of等修饰。

e.g.This saves time and allows farmers to grow an extra crop in each season.

这节省了时间,使农民能够在每个季节中多种点庄稼。

(2)当作“次数;倍数”讲时,time是可数名词。

e.g.I have been to Beijing three times.

我去过北京三次。

(3)time构成的短语

at a time    一次, 每一次

at one time   曾经,一度

at times /from time to time 有时,偶尔

all the time   总是,一直

in time      及时,迟早

on time      准时

(4)time构成的句型:

① It’s time for sb. to do sth./It’s (high) time sb. did sth.

该是某人干……的时间了。

e.g.It’s time for children to go to bed.

是小孩睡觉的时候了。

It’s high time that we started.

我们该出发了。

② each time(每次),next time(下次),the first/last time(第一次/最后一次……的时候)等词组引导的时间状语从句。

e.g.The last time I went to China, I visited Shanghai.

我上次到中国时,游览了上海。

14.I suggest you write four or five words a day on pieces of paper and place them in your room.

我建议你一天把四个或者五个单词写在纸上并且放在你的房间里。

suggest,做动词,表示“建议,提议”的意思,对应的名词是suggestion。suggest的用法:

e.g.She suggested an early start.

她建议早一点出发。

I suggested his / him giving up the foolish idea.

我建议他放弃那愚蠢的念头。

She suggested that the class meeting (should) not be held on Saturday.

她建议班会不要在星期六举行。

注意:当suggest表示“暗示,表明”的意思,它后面接宾语从句,谓语用真实的时态,而不用“should+动词原形”。

e.g.他脸上的表情表明他很开心。

(×)The expression on his face suggested that he should be very happy.

(√)The expression on his face suggested that he was very happy

游览了上海。

新概念英语初二上册知识2

My home town and my country

1.It is on the River Cam and has a population of about 120,000.

它(剑桥)位于康河河畔,人口约为12万。

population n. 意思是“人口,居民”,它是一个集体名词,它的用法有时较为特殊, 所以很容易用错。

① population常与定冠词the连用,作主语用时,谓语动词常用第三人称单数形式。

e.g.The world’s population is increasing faster and faster.

全世界的人口增长得越来越快。

② 当主语是表示“人口的百分之几、几分之几”时,谓语动词用复数形式。

e.g.About seventy percent of the population in China are farmers.

中国大约有百分之七十的人口是农民。

③ 有时population可用作可数名词,其前可用不定冠词。

e.g.China has a population of about 1.3 billion.

=There is a population of about 1.3 billion in China.

中国大约有十三亿人口。

④表示人口的“多”或“少”,不用“much”或“little”,而要用“large”或“small”。

e.g.India has a large population.

印度人口众多。

Singapore has a small population.

新加坡人口少。

⑤ 询问某国、某地有多少人口时,不用“How much...?”,而用“How large...?”。在问具体人口时用“What...?”。

e.g.—What is the population of Canada?

= How large is the population of Canada?

加拿大的人口有多少?

—The population of Canada is about 29 million.

加拿大的人口大约有二千九百万。

2.It has a population of about seven and a half million, so it is bigger and busier than Cambridge.

它(伦敦)大约有750万人口,所以比剑桥更大更繁忙。

(1)million是数词,意思是“百万”。它的用法如下:

① 当与具体数字连用时,习惯上用单数,而且也不后接介词of。

e.g.three million people 三百万人

He was prepared to pay two million.

他愿意支付200万。

但是,后面的名词有了the, these, those等特指限定词修饰时,或其后的接的是us, them 这样的人称代词时,则此时必须用介词 of。

e.g.About three million of them have left there.

他们当中约有三百万人离开了那儿。

②当不与具体数字连用,而是表示不确定的泛指数时,则不仅要用复数,而且要后接介词of,然后才能接名词。

e.g.A careless mistake cost the company millions of pounds.

一个粗心的错误使公司蒙受数百镑的损失。

拓展:与million有相同用法的数词还有:hundred(百), thousand(千), billion(十亿)。

(2)形容词比较级用法

① 表示两者进行比较时用形容词比较级,最明显的提示词是than,其结构为“A…+比较级+than+B”。

e.g.Li Lei’s room is bigger than mine.

李雷的房间比我的大。

This mooncake is nicer than that one.

这块月饼比那块好吃。

② 有表示程度的副词a little,a bit,a few,a lot,much,even,still,far,rather,any等修饰时,用形容词比较级。

e.g.I feel even worse now.

我现在觉得更难受了。

It is much colder today than before.

今天比以前冷得多。

③比较级前面可以加上表示具体数量差别的结构,表示具体“大多少”,“小多少”,“长多少”,“短多少”等。

e.g.I am two years older than he.

我比他大两岁。

This building is 20 meters higher than that one.

这栋楼房比那栋高20米。

④表示“两者之间最……一个(of the two)”时,常用“the+比较级”结构。

e.g.Mary is the taller of the twins.

Mary是双胞胎中的高个子。

⑤表示“越来越……”,用比较级重叠结构,即“比较级+and+比较级”,多音节词和部分双音节词时用“more and more+形容词原级”。

e.g.It’s getting warmer and warmer in spring.

春天天气变得越来越暖和。

Our home town is becoming more and more beautiful.

我们的家乡越来越漂亮了

新概念英语初二上册知识3

I'm more outgoing than my sister.

本单元的话题:谈论事物对比,学习形容词比较级。

本单元的语法:学习形容词比较级。(语法:见课本第113页至115页)

本单元的短语和知识点:

1.play+the +乐器 play the drums打鼓 比较play +球类 play basketball打篮球

both…and…两者都(后面的动词用复数形式) Both Tom and Jim are students.

3.be good at+名词\代词\V ing:擅长,在某方面做得好

7.be like:像… The books are like friends.书像朋友。

8.make friends (with sb):(和某人)交朋友 enjoy doing sth:喜欢做某事

9.be different from与…不同 My brother is different from me.我弟弟与我不一样。

10.help sb to (do) sth:帮助某人做某事

常与help sb with sth(在某方面帮助某人)互换 He often helps me (to) learn English.他经常帮助我学习英语。= He often helps me with my English.他经常在英语方面帮助我。

help (to) do sth:帮助做某事He often helps( to)cook at home.他经常在家帮助做饭。

13.be good with sb:与某人相处很好 14.information (n.消息,信息)不可数名词

新概念英语初二上册知识4

What's the best movie theater?

本单元的话题:谈论事物对比, 学习形容词和副词的最高级。

本单元的语法:学习形容词和副词的最高级。

本单元的短语和知识点:

1.welcome to+地点:欢迎来到某地 Welcome to our school.欢迎来我校。

2.What do you think of sth?=How dou you like sth?你认为...怎么样?

3.watch sb do sth:看见某人做了某事(= see sb do sth )

4.比较级别 +and+比较级:越来越…(若比较级为more+形容词原级,则为:more and more形容词原级)The buildings are taller and taller. Our school is getting more and more beautiful.

5.around the world全世界=all over the world, such as 例如

新概念英语初二上册知识5

1. What do you think of sth?=How dou you like sth?你认为…怎么样?

What do you think of the movie?你认为这部电影怎么样? It is boring.很无聊。

2.mind doing sth:介意做某事 3. news (不可数名词,消息,信息) a piece of good news一条好消息 4.learn (sth) from sb:向某人学习(某物) 5.plan to do sth:计划做某事(plan的过去式planned,现在分词planning) 6.hope to do sth:希望做某事

8.favorite (形容词,最喜爱的)= like…best

My favorite shows are talk shows.我最喜欢的节目是谈话节目。=I like talk shows best.

9.expect to do sth:期待做某事 10.think of认为,想起He often thinks of his teachers. 11.in the 1930s:在二十世纪三十年代(1930年至1939年)

10.12.one of +可数名词复数:…之一(该短语放在句首做主语时,后面的动词用单数形式)One of the students has an English dictionary.这些学生中一个人有英语字典。

14.luck(名词,幸运,运气)—lucky(形容词,幸运的)--unlucky (形容词,不幸的)

15.be ready to do sth乐意做某事 16.try one's best (to do sth):尽力(做某事)


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